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What understanding of your learning did you gain through the LSQ activities? Why is it important to know a persons learning

about your learning style preferences. Include your response to the following questions:

  • What understanding of your learning did you gain through the LSQ activities?
  • Why is it important to know a person’s learning style?
  • You do not have to include the questions, just your response

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Name: __________________________________________ SID: 88______________

LEARNING STYLES QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire is designed to identify your preferred learning style(s). Over the years you have probably developed learning 'habits' that help you benefit more from some experiences than from others. Since you are probably unaware of this, this questionnaire will help you pinpoint your learning preferences so that you are in a better position to select learning experiences that suit your style. The accuracy of the results depends on how honest you can be. There is no right or wrong

answer. If you agree more than you disagree with a statement put a chick by it (√ ). If you disagree more than you agree put a cross by it (X). Be sure to mark each item with either a tick or cross.

� 1. I have strong beliefs about what is right and wrong, good and bad.

� 2. I often act without considering the possible consequences.

� 3. I tend to solve problems using a step-by-step approach.

� 4. I believe that formal procedures and policies restrict people.

� 5. I have a reputation for saying what I think, simply and directly.

� 6. I often find that actions based on feelings are as sound as those based on careful thought and analysis.

� 7. I like the sort of work where I have time for thorough preparation and implementation.

� 8. I regularly question people about their basic assumptions.

� 9. What matters most is whether something works in practice.

� 10. I actively seek out new experiences.

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� 11. When I hear about a new idea or approach I immediately start working out how to apply it in practice.

� 12. I am keen on self-discipline such as watching my diet, taking regular exercise, sticking to a fixed routine, etc.

� 13. I take pride in doing a thorough job.

� 14. I get on best with logical, analytical (rational) people and less well with spontaneous (impulsive), irrational' people.

� 15. I take care over the interpretation of data (details) available to me and avoid jumping to conclusions.

� 16. I like to reach a decision carefully after weighing up many alternatives.

� 17. I'm attracted more too novel, unusual ideas than to practical ones.

� 18. I don't like disorganized things and prefer to fit things into a coherent pattern,

� 19. I accept and stick to laid down procedures and policies so long as I regard them as an efficient way of getting the job done.

� 20. I like to relate my actions to a general principle.

� 21. In discussions I like to get straight to the point.

� 22. I tend to have distant, rather formal relationships with people at work.

� 23. I thrive on the challenge of tackling something new and different.

� 24. I enjoy fun-Loving, spontaneous (impulsive) people.

� 25. I pay meticulous attention to detail before coming to a conclusion.

� 26. I find it difficult to produce ideas on impulse.

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� 27. I believe in coming to the point immediately.

� 28. I am careful not to jump to conclusions too quickly.

� 29. I prefer to have as many sources of information as possible — the more data (details) to think over the better.

� 30. Flippant (jokey) people who don't take things seriously enough usually irritate me.

� 31. I listen to other people's points of view before putting my own forward.

� 32. I tend to be open about how I'm feeling.

� 33. In discussions I enjoy watching the maneuverings (plotting) of the other participants

� 34. I prefer to respond to events on a spontaneous, flexible basis rather than plan things out in advance.

� 35. I tend to be attracted to techniques such as network analysis, flow charts, branching programs, contingency planning, etc.

� 36. It worries me if I have to rush out a piece of work to meet a tight deadline.

� 37. I tend to judge people's ideas on their practical merits.

� 38. Quiet, thoughtful people tend to make me feel uneasy.

� 39. I often get irritated by people, who want to rush things.

� 40. It is more important to enjoy the present moment than to think about the past or future.

� 41. I think that decisions based on a thorough analysis of all the information are sounder than those based on intuition.

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� 42. I tend to be a perfectionist (obsessive).

� 43. In discussions I usually produce lots of spontaneous (impulsive) ideas.

� 44. In meetings I put forward practical, realistic ideas.

� 45. More often than not, rules are there to be broken.

� 46. I prefer to stand back from a situation and consider all the perspectives.

� 47. I can often see inconsistencies and weaknesses in other people's arguments.

� 48. On balance I talk more than I listen.

� 49. I can often see better, more practical ways to get things done.

� 50. I think written reports should be short and to the point.

� 51. I believe that rational, logical thinking should win the day.

� 52. I tend to discuss specific things with people rather than engaging in social discussion.

� 53. I like people who approach things realistically (sensibly) rather than theoretically (in theory).

� 54. In discussions I get impatient with irrelevancies and digressions.

� 55. If I have a report to write I tend to produce lots of drafts before settling on the final version.

� 56. I am keen to try things out to see if they work in practice.

� 57. I am keen to reach answers via a logical (rational) approach.

� 58. I enjoy being the one that talks a lot.

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� 59. In discussions I often find I am the realist, keeping people to the point and avoiding wild speculations (assumption).

� 60. I like to ponder many alternatives before making up my mind.

� 61. In discussions with people I often find I am the most dispassionate (calm) and objective (impartial).

� 62. In discussions I'm more likely to adopt a 'low profile' than to take the lead and do most of the talking.

� 63. I like to be able to relate current actions to a longer-term bigger picture.

� 64. When things go wrong I am happy to shrug it off and 'put it down to experience'.

� 65. I tend to reject wild, spontaneous ideas as being impractical (impossible).

� 66. It's best to think carefully before taking action.

� 67. On balance I do the listening rather than the talking.

� 68. I tend to be tough on people who find it difficult to adopt a logical approach.

� 69. Most times I believe the end justifies the means.

� 70. I don't mind hurting people's feelings so long as the job gets done.

� 71. I find the formality of having specific objectives and plans stifling.

� 72. I'm usually one of the people who put life into a party.

� 73. I do whatever is expedient to get the job done.

� 74. I quickly get bored with methodical (orderly), detailed work.

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� 75. I am keen on exploring the basic assumptions, principles and theories underpinning (foundation) things and events.

� 76. I'm always interested to find out what people think.

� 77. I like meetings to be run on methodical (orderly) lines, sticking to laid down agenda, etc.

� 78. I steer clear of subjective or ambiguous topics.

� 79. I enjoy the drama and excitement of a crisis situation.

� 80. People often find me insensitive to their feelings.

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LEARNING STYLES QUESTIONNAIRE- SCORING

You score one point for each item you checked (√). There are no points for items you crossed (x). Simply indicate on the lists below which items were checked.

2 7 1 5 4 13 3 9 6 15 8 11 10 16 12 19 17 25 14 21 23 28 18 27 24 29 20 35 32 31 22 37 34 33 26 44 38 36 30 49 40 39 42 50 43 41 47 53 45 46 51 54 48 52 57 56 58 55 61 59 64 60 63 65 71 62 68 69 72 66 75 70 74 67 77 73 79 76 78 80

______________ ______________ ______________ _______________ Activist Reflector Theorist Pragmatist

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Plot your scores on this chart.

Activist Reflector Theorist Pragmatist 20 20 20 20

Very Strong Preference

19 18 19 17 19 19 16 18 15 17 18 14 13 18 16 17 12 17 15 16

Strong Preference

16 11 15 14 15

10 14 13 14 Moderate Preference

9 13 12 13 8 7 12 11 12 6 11 10 11

Low Preference

5 10 9 10 4 9 8 9

3 8 7 8

Very Low Preference

7 6 7 6 5 6

2 5 4 5 4 3 4 3 2 3

1 2 1 2 1 1

0 0 0 0

Honey and Mumford Characteristics

The characteristics of the four learning styles are summarized in the following tables.

Learning style

Honey and Mumford Definition

Activist

Activists involve themselves fully and without bias in new experiences. They enjoy the here and now, and are happy to be dominated by immediate experiences. They are open-minded, not skeptical, and this tends to make them enthusiastic about anything new. Their philosophy is: "I'll try anything once." They tend to act first and consider the consequences afterward. Their days are filled with activity. They tackle problems by brainstorming. As soon as the excitement from one activity has died down, they are busy looking for the next. They tend to thrive on the challenge of new experiences but are bored with implementation and longer term consolidation.

Reflector

Reflectors like to stand back to ponder experiences and observe them from many different perspectives. They collect data, both first hand and from others, and prefer to think about it thoroughly before coming to a conclusion. The thorough collection and analysis of data about experiences and events are what counts, so they tend to postpone reaching definitive conclusions for as long as possible. They are thoughtful people who like to consider all possible angles and implications before making a move. They prefer to take a back seat in meetings and discussions. They enjoy observing other people in action. They listen to others and get the drift of the discussion before making their own points. When they act, it is part of a wide picture which includes the past as well as the present and others' observations as well as their own.

Theorist

Theorists adapt and integrate observations into complex but logically sound theories. They think problems through in a vertical, step-by-step logical way. They assimilate disparate facts into coherent theories. They tend to be perfectionists who won't rest easy until things are tidy and fit into a rational scheme. They like to analyze and synthesize. Their philosophy prizes rationality and logic. "If it's logical its good." They tend to be detached, analytical and dedicated to rational objectivity rather than anything subjective or ambiguous. Their approach to problems is consistently logical. ,

Pragmatist

Pragmatists are keen on trying out ideas, theories, and techniques to see if they work in practice. They positively search out new ideas and take the first opportunity to experiment with applications. They are the sort of people who return from courses brimming with new ideas that they want to try out in practice. They are essentially practical, down to earth people who like making practical decisions and solving problems. They respond to problems and opportunities 'as a challenge.' Their philosophy is "There is always a better way" and "If it works, it's good."

Learning style Attributes Activities

Activist

These people learn by doing. They need to get their hands dirty, to dive in with both feet first. Have an open-minded approach to learning, involving themselves fully and without bias in new experiences.

 brainstorming  problem solving  group discussion  puzzles  competitions  role-play

Reflector

These people learn by observing and thinking about what happened. They may avoid leaping in and prefer to watch from the sidelines. Prefer to stand back and view experiences from a number of different perspectives, collecting data and taking the time to work towards an appropriate conclusion.

 paired discussions  self-analysis

questionnaires  personality

questionnaires  timeout  observing activities  feedback from

others  coaching  interviews

Theorist

These people like to understand the theory behind the actions. They need models, concepts, and facts in order to engage in the learning process. Prefer to analyze and synthesize, drawing new information into a systematic and logical 'theory.'

 models  statistics  stories  quotes  background

information  applying theories

Pragmatist

These people need to be able to see how to put the learning into practice in the real world. Abstract concepts and games are of limited use unless they can see a way to put the ideas into action in their lives. Experimenters, trying out new ideas, theories and techniques to see if they work.

 time to think about how to apply learning, in reality, case studies

 problem-solving  discussion

Further reading Honey, P. & Mumford, A. (1982) Manual of Learning Styles London: P Honey

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Learning Process

Activist Activists like to be involved in new experiences. They have an open mind and accept new ideas with excitement but sometimes are bored after their establishment. They like doing things, they tend to act first and then realise the impact of the actions. They like working with others, and they like to be seen. As an ACTIVIST, you will learn best from activities where:

 You can engross yourself in short "here and now" activities such as business games, competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises

 You are allowed to generate ideas without constrains of policy or structure or feasibility

 You are thrown in at the deep end with a task you think is difficult, i.e. when setting a challenge with inadequate resources and adverse conditions

 You are involved with other people, i.e., bouncing ideas off them, solving problems as part of a team As an ACTIVIST, you will learn least from activities where:

 Learning involves a passive role, i.e., listening to lectures, monologues, explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching

 You are required to engage in solitary work, i.e., reading, writing, thinking on your own

 You are offered statements you see as "theoretical, " i.e., explanations of cause or background

 You have precise instructions to follow with little room for manoeuvre

Reflector Reflectors like to keep at the back and watch the situation from a different perspective. They collect data and think twice before they come to a conclusion. They watch others and will listen to their insights, before offering their own. As a REFLECTOR, you will learn best from activities where:

 You are allowed or encouraged to watch/think/chew over activities

 You are allowed to think before acting, to assimilate before commenting, i.e., time to prepare, a change to read in advance a brief giving background data

 You are asked to produce carefully considered analyses and reports

 You can reach a decision in your own time without pressure and tight deadlines. As a REFLECTOR, you will learn least from activities where:

 You are "forced" into the limelight, i.e., to act as leader/chairperson, to role-play in front of onlookers.

 You are involved in situations which require action without planning

 You are given insufficient data on which to base a conclusion

 You are worried by time pressures or rushed from one activity to another

Theorist Theorists like to adjust and compile their observations into complex and reliable theories. They think through problems step by step. They tend to be perfectionists, and things have to fall into a rational scheme. In their thinking, they keep rather aback and apply analytical thinking rather than be emotional and subjective.

As a THEORIST, you will learn best from activities where:

 What is being offered is part of a system, model, concept, theory

 You have the change to question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions of logic behind something, i.e., by taking part in a question and answer session, by checking a paper for inconsistencies

 You can analyse and then generalise the reasons for success or failure

 You are offered interesting ideas and concepts even though they are not immediately relevant

As a THEORIST, you will learn least from activities where:

 You have to participate in situations emphasising emotions and feelings

 You are asked to act or decide, without a basis in policy, principle or concept

 You feel yourself out of tune with other participants, i.e., when with lots of Activists or people of lower intellectual calibre.

Pragmatist Pragmatists are excited if they can try something out in practise. They want concepts applicable in their work. Long discussions arise their impatience. They are realists and keep their feet on the ground.

As a PRAGMATIST, you will learn best from activities where:

 There is an obvious link between the subject matter and a problem or opportunity on the job

 You have the change to try out and practise techniques with coaching/feedback from a credible expert, i.e., someone who is successful and can do the techniques themselves

 You are given immediate opportunities to implement what you have learned

 You can concentrate on practical issues, i.e., drawing up action plans for an obvious product, suggesting short cuts, giving tips.

As a PRAGMATIST, you will learn least from activities where:

 The learning is not related to an immediate need you recognise/you cannot see, an immediate relevance/practical benefit

 There is no practise or clear guidelines on how to do it

 There are political, managerial or personal obstacles to implementation

 You can’t see sufficient reward from the learning activity, i.e., more sales, shorter meetings, higher bonus, promotion

Note: Knowing your preferred style(s) of learning enables you to benefit more from a whole host of activities that have an impact on your personal development The LSQ assessment helps you become a more effective all- round learner, from your effectiveness at work to your general well-being.

  • Activist Reflector Theorist Pragmatist

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